The Earth's biological resources are vital to humanity's economic and social development. As a result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to species and ecosystems has never been so great as it is today. Species extinction caused by human activities continues at an alarming rate.
Biodiversity is the diversity among living organisms, which is essential to ecosystems function and services delivery.
Biodiversity includes diversity within and among species and ecosystems. Changes in biodiversity can influence the supply of ecosystem services. Biodiversity, as with ecosystem services, must be protected and sustainably managed.
Ecosystems – living elements which interact with each other and their non-living environments – provide benefits, or services, to the world.
Ecosystem services are the multitude of benefits that nature provides to society. They make human life possible by, for example, providing nutritious food and clean water, regulating disease and climate, supporting the pollination of crops and soil formation, and providing recreational, cultural and spiritual benefits. Despite an estimated value of $125 trillion, these assets are not adequately accounted for in political and economic policy, which means there is insufficient investment in their protection and management. Read about the four types of services the world’s ecosystems provide in the section below.
Did you know
Climate change disrupts
the seasonal and geographical
patterns of migratory species.
90% of biodiversity!
whales, dolphins, and porpoises
each year as a result of by-catch.
Conserving habitats of waterbirds helps
restore wetlands as carbon sinks.
disperse the seeds of tree species,
sustain ecosystem functions in
Wild, migratory animals are an important resource for human kind, while also providing essential services for the environments and ecological systems through which they pass.
- 26 April 2018 UNFCCC: Klimakonferenz in BonnDeutsch
- 25 April 2018 UNEP/EUROBATS: The Social Calls for Bats Conference 2018English
- 25 April 2018UNEP/EUROBATS: Social Calls for Bats Konferenz 2018Deutsch
- 20 April 2018AEWA: 5. Pan-Europäisches Enten-SymposiumDeutsch
- 10 April 201814. Konferenz des technischen Fachausschusses des AEWA Deutsch
- 04 April 2018Human well-being at risk. Landmark reports highlight options to protect and restore nature and its vital contributions to people English
- 28 March 2018Worldwide land degradation undermines well-being of 3.2 billion people, IPBES report warnsEnglish
- 28 March 2018IPBES-Bericht warnt: Weltweite Bodendegradierung beeinträchtigt Wohlergehen von 3,2 Milliarden MenschenDeutsch
- 16 March 2018UNEP/CMS: Maßnahmen zum Schutz der Großtrappe vereinbartDeutsch
- 16 March 2018UNEP/CMS: Actions Agreed to Protect Europe’s Heaviest Flying BirdEnglish
- 05 June 2017UNFCCC: The Future of the Paris Climate Change Agreement in a Changing WorldEnglish
- 05 June 2017CMS: World Environment Day 2017 Connects People to NatureEnglish
- 05 June 2017CMS: Canada is Nature – Nature is Canada: Celebrating World Environment DayEnglish
- 01 June 2017Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the US decision to withdraw from the Paris AgreementEnglish
- 01 June 2017UNFCCC Statement on the US Decision to Withdraw from the Paris AgreementEnglish
- 31 May 2017UNFCCC: COP23 in Bonn, Germany / UN-Klimakonferenz 2017 in Bonn (engl. Website)Deutsch
- 07 April 2017CMS: Filling in the Missing Link: AfriBiRds Programme to Monitor Migratory BirdsEnglish
- 07 April 2017CMS: Deadline for Submission of National Reports is 24 AprilEnglish
- 31 March 2017UNCCD: Agadir Commitment to restore 8 million hectares of forest ecosystemsEnglish
- 28 March 2017IPBES: Agriculture Is Part of the Pollinator Solution - Intensive Farming Can Harm or Help PollinationEnglish